Patekar was accused by actress Tanushree Dutta of harassing her in 2008 on the sets of a film they both starred in.
Patekar has always denied the allegations.
But they resurfaced in 2018, sparking India's #MeToo movement and leading to Dutta registering a new case.
Dutta, 35, had said that Patekar, 68, demanded that intimate dance steps between the two of them be included in a song - even though she had said this made her uncomfortable.
She also said he threatened her when she rejected him. She was 24 at the time.