The Democracy Now! reporter said she would surrender to authorities on Monday in response to the charge.
District Judge John Grinsteiner will decide whether there is sufficient evidence to support the riot charge.
Ms Goodman filmed the crackdown on protesters by authorities last month.
"I wasn't trespassing, I wasn't engaging in a riot, I was doing my job as a journalist by covering a violent attack on Native American protesters," Ms Goodman said.