The album outsold its nearest competition by three-to-one to reach the summit, said the Official Charts.
It follows the star's previous chart-toppers, Dangerously in Love (2003), 4 (2011) and Lemonade (2016). She also made number one as part of Destiny's Child on the 2001 album, Survivor.
Renaissance was also the week's biggest-seller on vinyl.
The album has also topped the charts in Australia, Ireland and France, and is predicted to have the biggest opening week of the year in the US.